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What Are The Characteristics Of Leather Fabric
- Jun 25, 2018 -

What are the characteristics of leather fabric

Leather is a degraded and non-perishable animal skin obtained through physical and chemical processing such as depilation and tanning. Leather is composed of natural protein fibers tightly woven in a three-dimensional space. The surface has a special grain layer with natural graininess and luster and a comfortable feel. Treated with tarnish, nitrated or otherwise treated to resist spoilage and soft and compliant processed animal fur when the weather is dry.

Type introduction

Natural size capillary

Natural large capillary leathers mainly include foxes, raccoon skins, tanned skins, and tanned skins. The larger size, often used to make high-end children's hats, coats, capes. Natural small capillary leathers mainly include cicada skin, mink skin, chinchilla skin, snow sneakers and so on. The hair is thin and soft, suitable for high-end children's coats, hats, scarves, shawls and so on.

Natural rough fur

The commonly used natural rough fur leather is sheepskin, dog skin, wolf skin, leopard skin and so on. The hair is long and wide. Can be used to make hats, coats, vests, clothing and so on.


Artificial leather is a synthetic leather made by combining various types of chemical fibers. The large size of the artificial fur can dye various bright colors. In addition, it has the appearance of animal fur. All kinds of wild and farmed fur species can be imitated. But its greatest feature is that it is not environmentally friendly, it is not easy to degrade, and it has pollution to the environment.


The surface of the grain surface is partially ground to reduce the effect of the grain surface defects, and then a fake grain surface is produced by different finishing methods to mimic the leather of the full grain hide. 18% of the world's leather production belongs to this kind of leather. This kind of leather has been processed in many ways, such as: sanding, grinding, embossing, paint coating to hide the original flaws, insect bites, barbed wire scratches, corner injuries, etc. Before the painting can be used to remove the peeling layer of the skin is grained The outer skin of the face, about 0.9 to 1.5 mm, is called Class C leather and meets the criteria of this kind. This kind of leather obviously needs to be polished because it has no purpose other than artificially creating a fake grain to replace the original surface. The remaining 65% of the world's leather production is not suitable for furniture and can only be used for shoes, clothes, belts, handbags and car seats.

Full grain

The grain pattern remains intact and the natural pores and texture are clearly visible in the leather. Just as wood grain, wood and scars should exhibit the natural qualities of the tree to which it belongs, leather should also exhibit the characteristics of the animal to which it belongs. The better the leather, the less modification is needed. The cheaper leathers have their original grain surface polished away and coated with pigments and embossed with artificial grain instead. They are not as soft as full grain leather. Despite being covered by a layer of pigment, the original texture changes are still visible.

Half grain

The grain layer of the leather is only lightly ground away, but the unabated part of the grain should remain on the entire leather surface, and natural pores and textured leather are still visible on the grain surface. Since the word "top" is used in English, this term has become the most confusing in the leather industry. It is speculated that "top-top" means best, top-level, not here, and the word "top-top" is used here because the top layer can be frosted, painted, and printed. Basically, half-grain leather is not split leather.

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